Immediate ART Initiation: Guide for Clinicians

Susa Coffey's picture
Publish Date: 
Thursday, February 14, 2019

Immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART) refers to starting HIV treatment as soon as possible after the diagnosis of HIV infection, preferably on the first clinic visit (and even on the same day the HIV diagnosis is made). This strategy also is known as "rapid ART," "same-day ART," and "treatment upon diagnosis."


Immediate ART initiation may bring earlier benefits in personal health, and earlier reductions in the risk of onward transmission of HIV. For persons with acute infection, immediate ART may limit the HIV viral reservoir.

Short Bites: The Association Between Oral Hygiene and Heart Disease

Publish Date: 
Friday, February 1, 2019

The emergence of chronic disease complications in controlled HIV disease has changed the landscape of HIV clinical care. HIV infection confers an increased cardiovascular disease risk which is thought to be due to a complex interplay of mechanistic factors. While traditional cardiovascular risk factors likely play a role, recent evidence suggests that HIV-associated inflammation and immune activation are important mediators of cardiovascular risk.[i]

AETC IPE Programs Prepare the Next Generation of HIV Providers

Publish Date: 
Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Regional AETCs across the United States are working to bring new clinicians into the HIV workforce through inter-professional education (IPE) programs. IPE trains learners in teams in clinical settings where trainees learn from, about, and through each other. One project in Los Angeles is conducting their IPE program through three separate health campuses for nursing (Charles Drew University), medicine (University of California, Los Angeles), and pharmacy (University of Southern California). Cross-posted from TargetHIV coverage of the 2018 National Ryan White Conference

The LATITUDE to Stay On Track: NIH to Launch Study in People Non-Adherent to Daily Treatment

Publish Date: 
Friday, December 7, 2018

weekly pill boxTaking effective HIV medications as prescribed offers many benefits for people living with HIV—life expectancy normalizes and viral loads drop below detectable levels, preventing the risk of sexual transmission in those who achieve and maintain durable viral suppression. Unfortunately, many individuals face significant challenges to adhering to a daily regimen of antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Short Bites: The Association between Oral Disease and Type of Antiretroviral Therapy among Perinatally HIV-Infected Youth

Publish Date: 
Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been very successful at preserving immune function and controlling opportunistic infections among individuals infected with HIV. Oral mucosal diseases associated with advanced immunosuppression, including candidiasis and hairy leukoplakia, are significantly less common among patients on ART.

Sexual Assault: PEP is an Urgent Health Need

Publish Date: 
Wednesday, October 17, 2018

When a patient presents to your emergency department, urgent care or clinic with a chief complaint of sexual assault within the last 24 hours, the challenge is recognizing that, along with safety and criminal justice concerns, this patient has emergent health needs. One of the most urgent of these is that the patient may have been exposed to HIV.  Non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) needs to be initiated as soon as possible after known or potential HIV exposure, but throughout the country, there are barriers to this treatment. 

Doravirine--New NNRTI Approved by FDA

Publish Date: 
Wednesday, October 10, 2018

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the NNRTI doravirine for use in initial HIV therapy. FDA approval was based on 48-week results of 2 Phase III studies in treatment-naive persons

Short Bites: HIV in the Southeast United States

Publish Date: 
Thursday, October 4, 2018

Southern states today account for an estimated 44 percent of all people living with an HIV diagnosis in the U.S.,[1] despite having only about one-third (37%) of the overall U.S. population. Diagnosis rates for people in the South are higher than for Americans overall. Eight of the 10 states with the highest rates of new HIV diagnoses are in the South, as are the 10 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) with the highest rates.[1] The South faces internal disparities based on geography.


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