CROI 2017: Failure of Dolutegravir Monotherapy

Publish Date: 
Monday, April 17, 2017

Leading up to this year, some researchers and clinicians had optimistically viewed dolutegravir an invincible ARV, a drug so mighty that it was unlikely to fail, and even more unlikely to be victim to emergent resistance mutations. Two presentations at CROI demonstrated the vulnerability of dolutegravir to failure and to the development of resistance when it is used as monotherapy.

HIV Meds Update: PrEP Uptake by Sex, Race, and Age

Publish Date: 
Tuesday, September 27, 2016

At the ASM Microbe meeting in June, researchers from Gilead Sciences presented data on use of TDF/FTC (Truvada) PrEP in the United States according to sex and race. They evaluated national pharmacy databases to identify prescriptions of TDF/FTC given for PrEP between January 2012 and September 2015; they eliminated prescriptions given for ART, PEP, and HBV.

HIV Meds Update - RAPID: Immediate ART Initiation

Publish Date: 
Tuesday, September 27, 2016

This publication presents the results of San Francisco General Hospital's Ward 86 pilot study of immediate ART initiation. This RAPID program systematically offered ART to patients upon diagnosis of HIV; patients were referred from HIV testing sites in San Francisco. Of the 39 patients who participated in the pilot, 95% of them started ART within 24 hours.

HIV Meds Update: Treatment as Prevention: Suppressive ART, Condomless Sex, and HIV Transmission Risk - also a Word on HPTN 052

Publish Date: 
Tuesday, September 27, 2016

The PARTNER Study, a multisite European study, evaluated rates of HIV transmissions within serodifferent heterosexual and MSM couples (n = 548 and n = 340, respectively, contributed eligible data). The HIV-positive partners were on ART with HIV RNA levels of <200 copies/mL, and the couples engaged in ongoing condomless sex (vaginal and/or anal) during a median of 1.3 years per couple (1,238 "couple years"). It was noted that 33% of HIV-negative MSM had outside partners, compared with 4% of HIV-negative heterosexual subjects).

HIV Meds Update: ART in Acute HIV--Decreasing HIV DNA

Publish Date: 
Tuesday, September 27, 2016

We know that very early treatment in acute HIV infection decreases HIV RNA; this study shows it also greatly decreases proviral DNA (and reservoir size). Researchers investigated 2 small cohorts of patients in Thailand with acute (and very early) HIV infection, 1 untreated and 1 treated with ART very early; patients were followed for 144 weeks. They found that DNA integration occurs early and rapidly, and that with early and continued ART, total and integrated HIV DNA drops quickly and continues to decrease over time.

HIV and Heart Disease – NIH Explores the Connection

Publish Date: 
Wednesday, June 15, 2016

HIV-positive men and women can now live longer than ever before. A 2013 study found that a newly diagnosed 20-year-old on effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) can expect to live into their 70s, a lifespan only slightly lower than in people without HIV.[1] While this is great news, physicians are learning that chronic HIV infection can place their patients at a higher risk of developing certain health problems earlier in life. One example is heart disease.

PrEP: Bone Density Improves after Stopping TDF/FTC

Publish Date: 
Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) may cause decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) both in HIV-infected patients treated with TDF-containing ARV regimens and in HIV-uninfected persons who use it for PrEP.

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