Epidemiology of HIV/HCV Co-infection in the United States

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This lesson briefly summaries the incidence, prevalence, transmission routes, and historical patterns of HCV and HIV infection in the United States. With this background as an overall perspective, the lesson will then examine in greater detail the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection.

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References

  1. Haddad, M. New Era of HCV Management: Innovations in Primary Care. Sep 24, 2015. http://www.lgbthealtheducation.org/wp-content/uploads/New-Era-in-HCV-Management.pdf 
  2. Armstrong GL, Wasley A, Simard EP, McQuillan GM, Kuhnert WL, Alter MJ. The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1999 through 2002. Ann Intern Med. 2006 May 16;144(10):705-14. PubMed PMID: 16702586
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  12. McFaul K, Maghlaoui A, Nzuruba M, et al. Acute hepatitis C infection in HIV-negative men who have sex with men. J Viral Hepat. 2015 Jun;22(6):535-8. PubMed PMID: 25412826.
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  14. van der Meer AJ, Veldt BJ, Feld JJ, Wedemeyer H, Dufour JF, Lammert F, Duarte-Rojo A, Heathcote EJ, Manns MP, Kuske L, Zeuzem S, Hofmann WP, de Knegt RJ, Hansen BE, Janssen HL. Association between sustained virological response and all-cause mortality among patients with chronic hepatitis C and advanced hepatic fibrosis. JAMA. 2012 Dec 26;308(24):2584-93. PubMed PMID: 23268517.
  15. Ly KN, Xing J, Klevens M et al. The increasing burden of mortality from viral hepatitis in the United Status between 1999 and 2007. Ann Intern Med. 2012; 156: 271-278.
  16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015; vol. 27. Published November 2016.
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  18. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology of HIV Infection, through 2015. Accessed 6/16/2017.
  19. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV surveillance data for men who have sex with men (MSM), through 2015. Accessed 6/16/2017.
  20. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Trends in HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS) (through 2015). Accessed 6/16/2017.
  21. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Mortality (through 2014). Accessed 6/16/2017.
  22. Armstrong GL, Wasley A, Simard EP, et al. The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1999 through 2002. Ann Intern Med. 2006 May 16;144(10):705-14. PubMed PMID: 16702586.
  23. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2014. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2016;21(No. 4). Published July 2016.

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