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  • Addiction Recovery and HIV: Finding Synergy

    When we talk about HIV and drug addiction, we most often focus on injection drug use (IDU) as a risk factor for HIV transmission. While only 2.6% of the country’s population over the age of 13 reports having injected drugs at some point during their lives1, approximately 10% of new HIV...

  • HIV Meds Update - RAPID: Immediate ART Initiation

    This publication presents the results of San Francisco General Hospital's Ward 86 pilot study of immediate ART initiation. This RAPID program systematically offered ART to patients upon diagnosis of HIV; patients were referred from HIV testing sites in San Francisco. Of the 39 patients who...

  • HIV Meds Update: Treatment as Prevention: Suppressive ART, Condomless Sex, and HIV Transmission Risk; also a Word on HPTN 052

    The PARTNER Study, a multisite European study, evaluated rates of HIV transmissions within serodifferent heterosexual and MSM couples (n = 548 and n = 340, respectively, contributed eligible data). The HIV-positive partners were on ART with HIV RNA levels of <200 copies/mL, and the couples...

  • HIV Meds Update: ART in Acute HIV--Decreasing HIV DNA

    We know that very early treatment in acute HIV infection decreases HIV RNA; this study shows it also greatly decreases proviral DNA (and reservoir size). Researchers investigated 2 small cohorts of patients in Thailand with acute (and very early) HIV infection, 1 untreated and 1 treated with ART...

  • HIV Meds Update: Improvements in ART and Viral Suppression Rates in the United States

    Using data from the Medical Monitoring Project, this article presents a useful view of ARV treatment in the United States. The analysis demonstrates that U.S. national rates of both ARV prescribing (for persons maintained in care) and viral suppression to <200 copies/mL increased from...

  • HIV Meds Update: PrEP Uptake by Sex, Race, and Age

    At the ASM Microbe meeting in June, researchers from Gilead Sciences presented data on use of TDF/FTC (Truvada) PrEP in the United States according to sex and race. They evaluated national pharmacy databases to identify prescriptions of TDF/FTC given for PrEP between January 2012 and September...

  • HIV Meds Update: HIV in Indiana

    This article describes the CDC investigation and response (through October 2015) to the ongoing HIV (and HCV) outbreak in a rural county in Indiana, centered in people who inject opiates (especially the prescription drug Opana [oxymorphone]). The outbreak was first recognized in...

  • HIV and Heart Disease – NIH Explores the Connection

    HIV-positive men and women can now live longer than ever before. A 2013 study found that a newly diagnosed 20-year-old on effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) can expect to live into their 70s, a lifespan only slightly lower than in people without HIV.[1] While this is great news, physicians...

  • Accessibility: The Bigger Picture

    I have been working on website accessibility for many years in my role as Production Manager at the UCSF Center for HIV Information. Despite that experience, I still encounter problems that confound me. I recently reached out to an accessibility expert for ideas on how to manage a particularly...

  • PrEP: Bone Density Improves after Stopping TDF/FTC

    Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) may cause decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) both in HIV-infected patients treated with TDF-containing ARV regimens and in HIV-uninfected persons who use it for PrEP. A substudy of the large iPrEx trial of TDF/FTC PrEP in MSM and transgender...

  • Use of Dolutegravir in Dialysis

    Dolutegravir has several characteristics that, in theory, suggest it will not be significantly removed by dialysis: It has a large apparent volume of distribution (17.4 L) and is highly protein bound (98.9%). A small study of 5 HIV-infected patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing...

  • TAF/FTC Coformulation Approved

    The FDA has approved a new 2-NRTI formulation containing tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) 25 mg + emtricitabine (FTC) 200 mg for adults and children ≥12 years of age; its brand name is Descovy. This is a TAF-containing alternative to TDF/FTC (Truvada).

    Recommended dosing is 1 tablet PO daily...

  • Efavirenz, Dolutegravir, and Darunavir: Pharmacokinetics during Pregnancy

    Three studies presented at the 2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) explored the pharmacokinetics of antiretrovirals administered during pregnancy. These studies support the use of standard-dose efavirenz, once-daily dolutegravir, and BID ritonavir-boosted...

  • Switching from TDF/FTC to TAF/FTC

    Researchers at the 2016 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections presented results from a randomized double-blind, double-dummy switch study of TAF/FTC. Over 660 patients with virologic suppression on TDF/FTC-containing 3-drug regimens were either switched to TAF/FTC (200/10 mg...

  • FDA Approves New TAF-Containing Analogue of Complera; Complera Approved for Pediatrics

    The FDA has approved a single-pill combination of rilpivirine + emtricitabine + tenofovir alafenamide (TAF); its brand name is Odefsey.

    It is intended for initial treatment of HIV-1-infected persons age 12 years and older whose pretreatment HIV RNA is ≤100,000 copies/mL, or as a substitute...

  • Tissue Levels of TAF: Too Low for PrEP?

    A pharmacokinetic study presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Boston in February evaluated concentrations of tenofovir (TFV) and TFV-diphosphate (DP) in genital and rectal tissue and in anogenital fluid samples after administration of oral tenofovir...

  • Tips for Successful Linkage to Care

    I would like to start this new year introducing myself to the AIDS Education and Training Center (AETC) community.  I had the pleasure of joining the AETC National Coordinating Resource Center (NCRC) as a Health Educator in December 2015.  I look forward to using my skill set as a Certified...

  • What’s Your QI IQ? - NQC Launches a National Quality Improvement Challenge

    Our understanding of quality in healthcare—how we talk about it and how we measure it—has evolved over time. However, the goal has remained the same: improving the health of people living with HIV. This means constantly challenging ourselves to do better. In essence, do quality...

  • Rilpivirine Updates: Approved for Adolescents; Possible Risk of Depression

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved rilpivirine for use in adolescents 12 to 18 years of age; it is not recommended for younger children. As in adults, it is suggested for use in ARV-naive individuals with HIV RNA levels of ≤100,000 copies/mL. The dosage is 25 mg...

  • Pyrimethamine Availability

    Pyrimethamine is no longer available in retail pharmacies in the United States, though it is available through a commercial specialty pharmacy program (the application process, approval, and delivery of the medication will take at least 2 days; for information on ordering, click...